Medicine through time
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Islamic Medicine and the cause of disease
Causes of Disease
At the time of Muhammad people in Arabia believed that evil spirits caused diseases. Through reading the works of Hippocrates and Galen they realised that this was not the case and adopted many of the theories suggested by these men such as the theory of the Four Humours.
Developments of Galen and Hippocrates theories
Rhazes said that it was vitally important to observe patients and make notes of all minor details. He was the first man to observe and record the differences between smallpox and measles.
Avicenna wrote the Canon of medicine (still used as a reference book today). This developed some of Galens ideas and was used with aspiring doctors in both Arabia and later in the West.
Albucasis said that surgeons should only perform surgery when they were sure of the cause of the pain. He was also insistent that the surgeons should plan what they intended to do prior to surgery. He also emphasis ed the need to ignore personal gain (surgeons could become very wealthy from performing pointless operations).
law prevented the dissection of bodies. Only Ibn an-Nafis made any real
progress, stating that Galen was wrong to say that blood did not pass
through the Septum.
Oriental and Islamic medicine - other pages in this section:
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